Principles of Ayurveda

Ayurveda - "The Science of common sense"

Principles of Ayurveda

There is a Misconception that Ayurveda is difficult to understand or it is some kind of religious shamanic belief, According to Dr. Arun Sharma it is a science which deals with Physical, mental, social and spiritual health of an individual, which is very structured scientific and time tested.

Ayurveda is the first structured medical science to have come into existence. Basic principles of Ayurveda are unique and justify the needs of any healthcare system perfectly. Though it is an age old science, the elaborate and accurate description of etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, medication, diet regimen, patient care, anatomy and physiology etc.are very accurate and time tested. It is the only science which combines philosophy of life and treatment along with cure of diseases. The importance here is for the patient and not for the disease.


Doshas are one of the most controversial and discussed topic in Ayurveda. Following are the misconception about Tridoshas:

  1. Doshas are spiritual or cosmos energies.
  2. Doshas are some kind of universal forces.
  3. Doshas are some kinetic or potential energies.

Orignally , Tridosha is physiological or functional classification of the human body.
(Dr. Arun Sharma)

 Doshas are three in number:

  1. Vata: (Function of knowledge and movement)
  2. Pitta : (Function of metabolism)
  3. Kapha : (Function of support, growth, nourishment, repair and maintenance of the body)

When the three Doshas are well harmonized and function in a balanced manner, it results in good nourishment and well being of the individual. But when there is imbalance or disharmony within or between them, it will result in elemental imbalance, leading to various kinds of ailments. The Ayurvedic concept of physical health revolves round these three Doshas and its primary purpose is to help maintain them in a balanced state and thus to prevent disease. This humoral theory is not unique to the ancient Indian Medicine: The Yin and Yang theory in Chinese medicine and the Hippocratic theory of four humours in Greek medicine are also very similar.

Other important basic principles of Ayurveda which are briefly mentioned here are:

These are the basic tissues which maintain and nourish the body. They are seven in number namely- rasa(chyle), raktha(blood), mamsa(muscles),meda(fatty tissue), asthi(bone), majja(marrow) and sukla(reprodutive tissue). Proper amount of each dhatu and their balanced function is very important for good health.

These are the waste materials produced as a result of various metabolic activities in the body. They are mainly urine, feaces, sweat etc. Proper elimination of the malas is equally important for good health. Accumulation of malas causes many diseases in the body.

These are different types of channels which are responsible for transportation of food, dhatus, malas and doshas. Proper functioning of srotas is necessary for transporting different materials to the site of their requirement. Blockage of srotas causes many diseases.

These are different types of enzymes responsible for digestion and transforming one material to another.

A term used for Biological toxins in the body, Panchakarma is done to remove Ama   from the body.

History & Decent of Ayurveda

Sage Bharadwaj in turn taught Ayurveda to a group of assembled sages,who then passed down different aspects of tthis knowledge to their students.  According to tradition, Ayurveda was first described in text form by Agnivesha named – Agnivesh tantra. The book was later reedited by Charaka, and became known as the Charaka Samhita. Another early text of Ayurveda is the Sushruta Samhita, which was compiled by Sushrut, the primary pupil of Dhanvantri, sometime around 3000 to 3500 years ago. Charka is called as father of Medicine and Dhanvantri is known as the Father of Surgery.

Dr. Arun Sharma also decents from this “Bhardwaj” family.